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Reduced levels of the cholinergic-system enzyme butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) may provide another piece of the puzzle for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), preliminary data from Australian researchers suggested. A small case-control study led by Carmel T. Barrington, PhD, a sleep medicine expert and honorary research fellow at the Children”s Hospital at Westmead (Australia), found that measurements
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Calling the death of 75-year-old patient Charlene Murphey a “terrible, terrible mistake,” a Tennessee judge sentenced former nurse RaDonda Vaught, RN, to 3 years of supervised probation on Friday. Before sentencing, a tearful Vaught, 38, asked for leniency and apologized for the first time to the Murphey family. “I’m sorry I haven’t said this sooner.
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NEW ORLEANS — Robot-assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion compared with open radical cystectomy among patients with non-metastatic bladder cancer resulted in a statistically significant increase in days alive and out of the hospital, according to results from the iROC trial. Within 90 days of surgery, patients undergoing robotic surgery spent a median of
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The number of men with prostate cancer who opted for active surveillance (AS)   doubled nationally between 2014 and 2021, according to experts who say the dramatic increase reflects a growing understanding among both researchers and patients that low-grade prostate tumors can be safely watched for years without requiring treatment. Dr Matthew Cooperberg Roughly 60% of
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NEW ORLEANS — Formal medical studies of vibrators have revealed positive effects on multiple sexual and urinary outcomes in women, a review of published literature showed. Though limited in number, the studies induced favorable changes in blood flow and muscle tone of genital tissues, improved multiple aspects of sexual arousal and satisfaction, increased orgasmic response,
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As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to wreak havoc worldwide, medical experts have been taking a more active approach to better understanding long COVID. But to this day, there is still not enough research on how the condition affects children.  Because the gravity of long COVID in kids remains unknown, there is still no official guidance
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Pre-procedure urinalysis can be skipped before certain office-based urology procedures, such as prostate biopsy and cystoscopy, according to the results of a randomized trial. Some centers perform the pre-procedure test to avoid urinary tract infections (UTIs), a feared iatrogenic complication, but the new findings indicate the step is unnecessary. These results “will alter screening urinalysis
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An investigative synthetic cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2) agonist, lenabasum, was associated with greater improvements than placebo in patients with skin-predominant dermatomyositis — some of it statistically significant — in a phase 2 double-blind, randomized, controlled study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology. Patients taking lenabasum experienced greater reductions in the Cutaneous Dermatomyositis Disease
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BOISE, Idaho (AP) — Idaho officials on Friday announced a $119 million settlement with drugmaker Johnson & Johnson and three major distributors over their role in the opioid addiction crisis. Republican Gov. Brad Little and Republican Attorney General Lawrence Wasden said it’s the second-largest consumer settlement in state history, trailing only the 1998 national tobacco
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People with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and a lean or healthy body mass index (BMI) are at increased risk for peripheral vascular disease, stroke, and cardiovascular disease, a surprise finding from a new study reveals. “Our team had expected to see that those with a normal BMI would have a lower prevalence of any
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[embedded content] Join medical resident Siobhan Deshauer, MD, as she visits three hospitals for inpatient rheumatology. (Following is a partial transcript. Note that errors are possible.) Deshauer: Hey, guys. I’m Siobhan, a fifth year medical resident specializing in rheumatology. Today I’m covering the inpatient rheumatology service, which means we’re seeing patients in all three hospitals
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The CDC updated its recommendations for doctors and public health officials regarding the unusual outbreak of acute hepatitis among children. As of May 5, the CDC and state health departments are investigating 109 children with hepatitis of unknown origin across 25 states and territories. More than half have tested positive for adenovirus, the CDC said.
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As breakthrough infections have become more common in recent months, a growing share of COVID-19-related deaths is being reported among vaccinated people. But experts are confident that booster shots help lower the mortality risk.  The gap between the recorded fatalities in the vaccinated and unvaccinated has been very wide since the start of the pandemic.
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Treatment with the diabetes drug exenatide was associated with a significant decrease in hyperglycemia in acute stroke patients, a new study shows. The research could offer clinicians an alternative to insulin therapy to treat hyperglycemia and reduce glucose levels, which are elevated in up to 60% of stroke patients and associated with worse outcomes after
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What makes the brains of people with psychopathy different from the brains of those who don’t? A team of researchers found a specific region of the brain that’s actually larger in psychopathic individuals. Individuals with psychopathic traits tend to have personalities marked by superficial charm, impulsiveness, insensitivity to consequences and a lack of empathy and emotional sensitivity. Often,
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A qualitative analysis of 20 people with head and neck cancer (HNC) has led to recommendations for improvements in care. HNC has a high burden of treatment-related adverse events, along with frequent trouble with speech, swallowing, facial disfigurement, and psychological distress. Among cancer patients, “they have the highest rates of emergency department use and hospitalization
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Editor’s note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape’s Coronavirus Resource Center. Rising COVID-19 case numbers and hospitalizations likely mean we’re in a new phase of the pandemic. And the number of Americans dying from COVID-19 is also anticipated to grow, although the surge in the short term is not expected to look
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