Children

The Obesity Medicine Association (OMA), the clinical and educational leader in the care of patients with obesity, applauds the American Academy of Pediatrics’ (AAP) first comprehensive Clinical Practice Guideline for the Evaluation and Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Obesity released this month. One of the most common pediatric chronic diseases, childhood obesity is a
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In a recent study published in the journal Communications Biology, researchers investigated the effect of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine booster on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-specific antibodies in the milk of lactating women. Additionally, they explored whether the booster-induced antibody response differed from the homologous and heterologous boosting schedule of their
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The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has announced a grant of $30,000 to Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso for the Farmworkers Pesticide Use Protection Project. The project will educate migrant farmworkers and their families on the health effects and safe use of pesticides as they work along the U.S.-Mexico border. The educational project
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In a recent Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report published by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), researchers discuss the efficacy of the bivalent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine against symptomatic infection with several SARS-CoV-2 variants that are currently circulating throughout the U.S.   Study: Early Estimates of Bivalent mRNA Booster Dose Vaccine
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People with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have lower bacterial diversity in the intestine than do healthy people, according to a team of Korean investigators. The investigators believe that theirs is the first analysis to find a clear association between IBS and reduced diversity in the microbiota of the gut. The research appears in Microbiology Spectrum,
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Scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) have discovered a new drug target for Ewing sarcoma, a rare kind of cancer usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Their experiments show that the cells causing this cancer can essentially be reprogrammed with the flick of a genetic switch. Shutting down a single protein forces the
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MedStar Washington Hospital Center has opened a state-of-the-art Biocontainment Unit (BCU) that will be used primarily for observation and flexed for respiratory isolation and further flexed to care for patients with highly infectious diseases – including quarantinable diseases such as cholera, diphtheria, infectious tuberculosis, plague, smallpox, yellow fever, viral hemorrhagic fevers (such as Marburg, Ebola,
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An alarming increase in the occurrence of the most common genital malformation in male babies, hypospadias, is likely due to environmental factors, such as toxicant exposure, which alter epigenetic programming in a forming penis. That’s according to a new study in Science Reports that identified a direct link between hypospadia tissue samples and the presence
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Although rare compared to adult liver cancers, hepatoblastoma is the most common pediatric liver malignancy, and its incidence is increasing. In this novel study appearing in The American Journal of Pathology, published by Elsevier, investigators studying a mouse model of hepatoblastoma report that the protein heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) is needed for aggressive
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The Obesity Society (TOS) and Obesity Action Coalition (OAC) have collaborated to issue a statement on the new Clinical Guideline for Evaluation and Treatment of Children and Adolescents with Obesity published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). On Jan. 9, 2023, AAP published its first clinical practice guideline on the treatment of childhood obesity,
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A recent news article published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) discussed the first clinical practice guideline released by the AAP to effectively and safely evaluate and treat pediatric obesity in children and adolescents. Study: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Evaluation and Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Obesity. Image Credit: Africa Studio/Shutterstock Clinical
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Emergency departments that have the highest levels of coordination of health care, personnel, procedures and medical equipment needed to care for ill and injured children have far higher rates of survival than hospitals with low readiness, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. Researchers found that more than 1,400 children’s deaths
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A new study from the University of Florida provides more evidence that the breast milk of people vaccinated against COVID-19 provides protection to infants too young to receive the vaccine. This latest study follows up on findings published in 2021 showing that the breast milk of vaccinated people contained antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that
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Very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants are at substantially higher risk for chronic health problems and neurodevelopmental disabilities compared with full term infants. It is well- established that providing mother’s milk to an infant (also known as provision of mother’s milk) during hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is associated with the reduced risk of multiple
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In the past two decades, researchers have made great strides in uncovering how children learn math, but little of that new knowledge has trickled down to teachers, according to a new book on math education. The gap between research and practice is particularly unfortunate, given the current state of American students’ math skills, said Nancy
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Using samples from an almost century-old, ongoing survey of marine plankton, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine suggest that rising levels of manmade chemicals found in parts of the world’s oceans might be used to monitor the impact of human activity on ecosystem health, and may one day be used to
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Scientists at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital are reporting the most comprehensive study to date describing the variations in drug response across different genetic subtypes of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The findings provide a blueprint for precision medicine to further individualize therapy. The study was published today in Nature Medicine. ALL, a cancer of lymphocytes
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Moderate levels of two outdoor air pollutants, ozone and fine particulate matter, are associated with non-viral asthma attacks in children and adolescents who live in low-income urban areas, a study funded by the National Institutes of Health has found. The study also identifies associations between exposure to the two pollutants and molecular changes in the
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A study published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology journal estimates the global incidence of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents using microsimulation models. Study: Estimating the total incidence of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents aged 0–19 years from 1990 to 2050: a global simulation-based analysis. Image Credit: mother_ana / Shutterstock Background Type 1
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